Hand rearing puppies is a time consuming process requiring a lot of patience, persistence and care. Please read the following information carefully and talk to your vet or nurse if you have any other questions.
The mother would normally lick the area under the tail to stimulate the puppy to urinate and defecate. You will need to clean this area with damp cotton wool or tissues after a feed to ensure regular toileting.
Puppies should defecate at least once a day, but if no motions have been passed after 48 hours they may be constipated, please contact your vet for advice.
Some signs of illness
Common signs are:
Crying for more than 20 minutes is abnormal and it may indicate that the puppy is cold, hungry or ill. Eventually the puppy will stop crying and become weak and cold.
Since newborn puppies can become seriously ill and die very quickly, contact your vet or nurse for advice if you are concerned about a puppy's behaviour.
This is just a rough feeding guide to help with your feeding process. Amounts and weights may vary.
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